Employment


Useful Resources:


Useful links:

ACAS – https://www.acas.org.uk/advice ww.acas.org.uk/advice
ACAS provide free and impartial advice to employers, employees and their representatives on:

  • employment rights
  • best practice and policies
  • resolving workplace conflict

National Careers Service – https://nationalcareers.service.gov.uk/
The National Careers Service provide careers information, advice, and guidance. They can help you to make decisions on learning, training, and work at all stages in your career.

GOV.UK – https://www.gov.uk/
The GOV.UK website provides guidance and support regarding Government services and information including employment rights.

Citizens Advice Bureau – https://www.citizensadvice.org.uk/work/rights-at-work/ Citizens Advice Bureau provides online, on the phone and face to face advice and guidance across a range of topics including employment rights, contracts and pay.

Healthcare opportunities and support:

Are you a nurse?
Are you a nurse hoping to work in the UK or already working and would like to connect with other nurses from Hong Kong? If so, contact Hong Kong Nursing Association UK | 英國香港護士協會 (hknauk.org) for information, pastoral care, and support.

Are you qualified as another healthcare professional and looking for a job?
If you are a doctor or one of the Allied Health Professionals eg. Physiotherapist, dietitian, or podiatrist and would like to practice in the UK, please contact Florence Cantle, who is an International Recruitment Lead for NHS England. Contact her via f.cantle@nhs.net and tel: 07783820861.

BNO visa holders working in health and social care may also be eligible to apply for a refund of their and their family members’ NHS health surcharge.


Frequently asked questions


There are 3 main types of employment status. These are workers, employees, and self-employed/contractors.

Worker

‘Worker’ is a broad term which covers employees and other people who have a contract to do work or provide services themselves in return for a reward (usually money).

The category ‘worker’ includes those who work on a series of short-term engagements where their employer doesn’t have to offer them work and they don’t have to accept any work offered. The work can take the form of arrangements described as ‘‘casual’, ‘bank’, ‘freelance’, ‘zero hours’ or ‘as required’

Employee

An employee is a worker who works under an employment contract. This is often seen as a more desirable way of working, as employees have more employment rights and usually have a more long-term relationship with their employer.

Self-employed and contractor

A person is self-employed if they run their business for themselves and take responsibility for its success or failure. Self-employed workers do not have income tax and National Insurance deducted by the person/people who pay them. They do not have the same employment rights and responsibilities as employees.

Workers are entitled to certain employment rights, including:

  • Getting the national Minimum Wage
  • Protection against unlawful deductions from wages
  • The statutory minimum level of paid holiday
  • The statutory minimum length of rest breaks
  • To not work more than 48 hours on average in a week or to opt out of this right if you choose
  • Protection against unlawful discrimination
  • Protection for whistleblowing – when reporting wrongdoing in a workplace
  • To not be treated less favourably if you work part-time

Workers may also be entitled to:

  • Statutory Sick pay
  • Statutory Maternity Pay
  • Statutory Paternity Pay
  • Statutory Adoption Pay
  • Shared Parental Pay

More information can be found on the GOV.UK website, via the following link: Employment status: Worker – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

Employees can have many different types of employment contract. The main contracts include fixed term, permanent and zero hours.

Permanent contracts may be on a full or part time basis and will be for an indefinite period.

Fixed term contracts may also be part or full time but will only last for a certain length of time. The length of time should be set in advance and would normally end when a specific task is completed, or a specific event takes place. For example, to cover maternity leave.

Zero-hours contracts are also known as casual contracts. Zero-hours contracts are usually for ‘piece work’ or ‘on call’ work. Zero-hours workers are entitled to statutory annual leave and the National Minimum Wage in the same way as regular workers.

More information about employment contracts can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/contract-types-and-employer-responsibilities

This will vary from one organisation to another, but ‘full time’ would normally be between 37 and 40 hours per week.

Hybrid working is a type of flexible working where an employee splits their time between:

  • the workplace
  • working remotely

For example, a worker may spend 2 days a week working in the office and the other 3 days working from home or a local co-working space.

More information can be found on the GOV.UK website, via the following link:

Browse: Holidays, time off, sick leave, maternity and paternity leave – GOV.UK (www.gov.uk)

National Insurance number make sure National Insurance contributions and tax are recorded against the right name only. It is made up of letters and numbers and never changes. People can look for and start work without a National Insurance number if they can prove they can work in the UK.

Having a National Insurance number is not part of mandatory Right to Work checks, and the possession of a National Insurance number does not prove that an individual has a right to work.

Organisations and businesses have a legal duty to treat everyone fairly in the workplace and in the way they recruit people for jobs. It is illegal to discriminate against anyone applying for a job or in the workplace on the basis of sex and gender reassignment, race, religion, being married or in a civil partnership, disability, age, sexual orientation or if they are pregnant. If you think you have been unfairly discriminated against, you can get further advice and support from the Equality Advisory Service: https://www.equalityadvisoryservice.com

If you are looking for careers advice, then there are a variety of online support available. Online resources include:

Advice may also be available from recruitment agencies and via online job posting boards.

Vacancies are normally advertised across a variety of digital and non-digital platforms, including:

  • Online job posting boards
  • Recruitment agencies
  • Organisation websites
  • Social media platforms such as Facebook and Twitter
  • LinkedIn
  • Local newspapers and their websites
  • Community notice boards
  • Industry specific journals and magazines

One of the simplest and easiest ways to be notified of vacancies is by registering your details with online job posting boards. The most common websites include the following:

In addition to registering your details on job posting boards, you may also want to register with local recruitment agencies. These can be found by searching the internet for recruitment agencies in your area or specific to the industry that you would like to work in.

There are many benefits of registering with recruitment agencies. For example:

  • They can provide interview preparation support.
  • They can provide more information about the organisation and the job vacancy.
  • They may be industry specific.
  • They are free.
  • They can provide you with feedback
  • They may be able to negotiate terms on your behalf
  • They have access to large networks.

Organisations normally want applicants to apply using either own application form or by submitting a CV. The job advert should provide details on how to apply.

Most vacancies should include a job pack. This would normally contain an application form, job description and person specification.

The job description should provide you with further information regarding the role and the tasks involved. The person specification should set out the knowledge, skills, experience, and personal qualities needed to undertake the role.

Further information about the role and organisation may also be available on the organisation’s website.

Most CVs should contain basic relevant information such as name and contact details along with an overview of your most recent employment and any other relevant employment. You would also include details of your relevant qualifications, training, skills and knowledge.

The level of detail and format of your CV would vary depending on the role you are applying for.

The main styles of CV are:

  • traditional CV or chronological CV – list your work and education history, starting with the most recent
  • skills based CV – focuses on your job-related skills and personal qualities
  • technical CV – used in professions like IT and engineering and puts your industry-specific skills first followed by the other information
  • creative CV – used in creative and digital arts and can link to an online portfolio, contain video or infographics, or include digital tools that make you stand out from the crowd
  • academic CV – generally longer than a traditional or skills-based CV and often used for teaching and research careers

More information and support about CVs can be found on the National Careers Service website: CV sections | National Careers Service.

Many job posting sites and recruitment agencies also provide CV advice.

The selection process will vary depending on the type of role you are applying for and the industry.

The most common types of selection process include:

  • A formal interview.
  • Group interviews.
  • A presentation.
  • A scenarios-based assessment.

You may also be required to undertake some recruitment testing such as personality questionnaires.

Interview advice and support can be found on the national careers website, via the following link: https://nationalcareers.service.gov.uk/careers-advice/interview-advice

Many job posting sites and recruitment agencies also provide advice and guidance regarding interviews and selection processes.

Most organisations will have a website which contains information about them including policies and benefits. You may also want to look on websites such as Glassdoor, which provides anonymous reviews on over 600,000 companies worldwide from the people that work there: https://www.glassdoor.co.uk/index.htm

Before making an unconditional offer of employment, employers should carry out various employment checks. These checks are to ensure that you are allowed to work in the UK, that there are no restrictions on you carrying out the work, that you are fit to undertake the role, and to validate the information given during the selection process.

The checks made by the employer may include:

  • Right to work in the UK
  • Criminal records check (known as DBS checks)
  • Health checks
  • Proof of identity
  • References

More information about criminal records checks can be found on the GOV.UK website, via the following link: https://www.gov.uk/dbs-check-applicant-criminal-record

Most employers will request a reference from your current or most recent employer. They should also provide you with details of whom else they would like a reference from. This would normally be a work, academic or character references.



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